Special Topics: Spectral Techniques for Machine Learning

Course number: TTIC 41000
Time: MW 3-4:20pm
Location: TTIC Room 526
Office hours: MW 4:30-5pm

Course description. This special topics course will examine techniques that use eigenvalues/eigenvectors of a matrix (and more generally, any linear algebraic tools) to solve or understand problems in modern machine learning. The course will first supply the mathematical foundation required to understand and derive spectral techniques. It will then cover some of the most recent developments in the literature in a tutorial-like manner. In the latter part of the course, the course will "flip" and students will take turn to present a paper on recent research in this area, potentially with an extension of his/her own.

Goals.
  1. Achieving an understanding of the foundational concepts and tools used in modern spectral methods
  2. Obtaining an ability to accurately evaluate new works in this area at conferences
  3. Finding new research projects that persist beyond this course and result in publications

Audience and prerequisites. The expected audience is student researchers in machine learning who are interested in learning about and doing novel research on this topic. The main prerequisite is general mathematical maturity and familiarity with basic notions in linear algebra, statistics, and optimization.

Grading. The course will be pass-fail. Students who actively engage in the class will receive a pass (attendance, asking questions, etc.). A significant part of this evaluation will also be the technical quality of the student presentation which will require a deep understanding of the overall topic.

Tentative plan.
Weak of Monday Wednesday
Oct 1 Introduction: Subspace, Linear Transformation, Inner Product Eigendecomposition and Singular Value Decomposition
Oct 8 Matrix Decomposition Algorithms Matrix Perturbation Theory
Oct 15 Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) CCA Continued, Other Related Problems (PCA, LDA, Orthogonal Procrustes)
Oct 22 Model Estimation by Subspace Identification Model Estimation by Subspace Identification (Continued)
Oct 29 Spectral Clustering Kernel Approximation Methods
Nov 5 Online Algorithms for Spectral Methods Optimal Transport
Nov 12 Higher-Order Tensor Decomposition, Markov Chain Mixing Time Neural Networks, Summary
Nov 19 Student Presentations Student Presentations
Nov 26 Student Presentations Student Presentations
Dec 3 Student Presentations Student Presentations


Papers. Please expand recursively for a more complete list.
Topic Papers
Efficient algorithms
Analysis of CCA
Subspace identification
Tensor decomposition
Optimal transport
Neural networks
Clustering/graph cuts
Kernel approximation
Misc.


Other resources.
Textbooks
Videos

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